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Paris delivers a Climate Deal

PARIS ADOPTS A NEW CLIMATE DEAL

The momentum among CSOs ahead of COP 21 heightened during the course of the year, 2015.   CSOs, policy makers, researchers and interested groups alike looked forward for COP 21 to deliver a global climate agreement. This will mark a milestone in addressing climate change globally and in its totality. Against this background, CISONECC worked closely with the Government of Malawi and CSOs in SADC and Africa region to influence UNFCCC process. In addition CISONECC was part of the We have Faith ACT now for Climate justice Campaign, Women. Food. Climate campaign whose aim was to influence COP 21 and related processes. The network was also been involved in the INDC process, GCF processes and organized the National Stakeholder dialogue on Climate change and COP 21. 

Why COP 21?

COP 21 is the fourth and last series of the COPs under the ADP (Durban Platform for Enhanced Action) which was set at COP 17 in Durban with the mandate for negotiating an agreement in the form of “a protocol, another legal instrument or an agreed outcome with legal force under the Convention applicable to all Parties. The climate agreement to be set in Paris at COP 21 will come into effect in 2020. 

Since COP 17, several strides have been made towards shaping the 2015 climate agreement with the major debate lying on the adaptation and mitigation parity, adaptation finance, the inclusion of loss and damage, and lately the INDCs. 

At the last COP 20 in Lima, parties adopted the “Lima call for Climate Action” which sets in motion the negotiations towards a 2015 agreement, including the process for submitting and reviewing INDCs. The decision, though not adequate, also encourages enhancing pre-2020 ambition.

After 2 weeks of negotiations, countries adopted the Paris climate deal which is historical. However, the question lies in the adequacy of the agreement to address current and future impacts of climate change in countries like Malawi. We had this to say in our preliminary analysis: 

“The Paris agreement adopted during COP 21 in France, sets a historical standard in achieving the global goal of addressing climate change. It is weak in critical areas, such as finance and support to developing countries. However, the agreement has minimal requirements for countries to commit to seriously addressing and curbing climate change. The loopholes in the agreement, significant for Africa, such as financing and a trend in the failure for countries to fulfill their commitments and obligations need to be patched before the agreement enters into force”

You can download the new climate deal from our resource centre. We would like to hear your views on the new agreement. 

Moving from WATERS to MAJI, new programme on climate change resilience in Malawi

Moving from WATERS to MAJI: Promoting More Action for Just Initiatives (MAJI) on Climate change adaptation

MAJI is simply a Bantu word for Water. 

MAJI (More Action for Just Initiatives) is a two year project on climate Change adaptation being implemented by VSO Malawi in partnership with the Civil Society Network on Climate change (CISONECC), Ministry of Local Government, Lead Sea, Luanar and the District councils of Dowa, Karonga,   and Salima with support from the Scottish Climate Justice Fund. 

The project encourages people affected by climate change to participate in planning for initiatives that respond to their present and future needs. Through Scenario Planning, also called “Futures thinking”, the project calls on multiple groups to share knowledge, build understanding of others’ interests, and together map responses to future climate changes.  In essence, MAJI promotes planners and communities to be proactive rather than reactive in addressing climate and environmental related changes affecting their lives. Through this approach, the project aims to reduce the vulnerability of the rural people to climate change impacts and increase their resilience to future climate changes, in 30 communities in Dowa, Salima and Karonga. 

MAJI builds on another project, WATERS (Water future; Towards Equitable Resources and Strategies). WATERS project linked all actors including local government, civil society and communities to improve water management systems and promote communities adaptation to climate change. Selected communities in Salima, Chikwawa, Nsanje and Karonga were involved in managing their natural water systems with the support from Village Natural Resources Committees (VNMRCs). These actors also developed scenarios to anticipate how pressures on the environmental and natural resources will continue to affect future development paths. These scenarios, reflected in planning documents, contain different assumptions and possibilities on how current trends will unfold, how critical uncertainties will play out and what new factors will come into play in the future for effective planning. 

With support from WATERS project and others, the District State of Environment Outlook report (DSOER) in Karonga is now complete! The DSOER helped communities create scenarios for how environment and social pressures may affect development. Meanwhile, the District Development Plan also included developmental challenges and solutions identified by communities. In Salima, Nsanje, Karonga and Chikhwawa Village natural resources committees were trained in Ecosystem approaches in planning at level. In addition, planners from the districts were also trained on the Ecosystems approach in planning. The evidence, successes and lessons from the WATERS project were documented to inform advocacy.

MAJI will simultaneously support the implementation of various solutions proposed by communities. Among other things; it will promote participatory water management, efficient energy programmes, sustainable agriculture practices and various income generating activities. 

NAPs: An Opportunity for Adaptation Financing and Key Entry Point for Scaling-Up CBA Approaches

By Julius Ng’oma, Assistant Coordinator, CISONECC <script type='text/javascript'>
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by Julius Ng'oma

    CISONECC Coordinator

    This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

 

It is indisputable that climate change heavily affects peoples’ livelihoods and countries’ economies. Malawi, for instance faces climate related disasters every year which include droughts, floods and landslides. These have over the past two decades resulted in destruction and loss of crops and properties leading to hunger, famine, diseases and loss of life. Various efforts have been undertaken to revert the impacts of climate change, most of which have generally focused on climate change mitigation rather than adaptation. Such interventions include construction of water conservation structures, improved food storage, improved energy saving stoves and introduction clean energy technologies. These interventions are arguably more short term focused than long term in nature. 

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