The momentum among CSOs ahead of COP 21 heightened during the course of the year, 2015.   CSOs, policy makers, researchers and interested groups alike looked forward for COP 21 to deliver a global climate agreement. This will mark a milestone in addressing climate change globally and in its totality. Against this background, CISONECC worked closely with the Government of Malawi and CSOs in SADC and Africa region to influence UNFCCC process. In addition CISONECC was part of the We have Faith ACT now for Climate justice Campaign, Women. Food. Climate campaign whose aim was to influence COP 21 and related processes. The network was also been involved in the INDC process, GCF processes and organized the National Stakeholder dialogue on Climate change and COP 21. 

Why COP 21?

COP 21 is the fourth and last series of the COPs under the ADP (Durban Platform for Enhanced Action) which was set at COP 17 in Durban with the mandate for negotiating an agreement in the form of “a protocol, another legal instrument or an agreed outcome with legal force under the Convention applicable to all Parties. The climate agreement to be set in Paris at COP 21 will come into effect in 2020. 

Since COP 17, several strides have been made towards shaping the 2015 climate agreement with the major debate lying on the adaptation and mitigation parity, adaptation finance, the inclusion of loss and damage, and lately the INDCs. 

At the last COP 20 in Lima, parties adopted the “Lima call for Climate Action” which sets in motion the negotiations towards a 2015 agreement, including the process for submitting and reviewing INDCs. The decision, though not adequate, also encourages enhancing pre-2020 ambition.

After 2 weeks of negotiations, countries adopted the Paris climate deal which is historical. However, the question lies in the adequacy of the agreement to address current and future impacts of climate change in countries like Malawi. We had this to say in our preliminary analysis: 

“The Paris agreement adopted during COP 21 in France, sets a historical standard in achieving the global goal of addressing climate change. It is weak in critical areas, such as finance and support to developing countries. However, the agreement has minimal requirements for countries to commit to seriously addressing and curbing climate change. The loopholes in the agreement, significant for Africa, such as financing and a trend in the failure for countries to fulfill their commitments and obligations need to be patched before the agreement enters into force”

You can download the new climate deal from our resource centre. We would like to hear your views on the new agreement.